You see guitars being played almost everywhere. You hear it on the radio and watch it in videos. You even listen and enjoy when your friends play it.
There are two major types of guitar – acoustic and electric guitar. An acoustic guitar works a bit different from an electric one. To begin to understand how a guitar works, we will start with acoustic guitar which is a little bit complex.
The acoustic guitar
The acoustic guitar is the favorite of kids and adults. This type of guitar is popular for different reasons. Acoustic guitar is a good accompaniment. It can be played solo even when there is no one else around. Also, it goes along perfectly with today’s music. It goes perfectly with top music beats like rock, pop, classical, easy listening, country, flamenco, and just any other type of music you can think of.
The existence of acoustic guitar can be traced back to the 1500’s although not complex like the one we play today. With the addition of electricity, there has been a whole difference in the sound of the guitar. So, how does a guitar makes its music? What are the functions of all the parts in sound production? the key point to note is that they all work together to make a sound.
Guitars are built in a way to resonate the sound so that you can hear what you strum on the strings. Before you can arrange those strums to make good music, you need to understand how it is made, and how it does it.
Parts of the Guitar
Let us start by examining the parts of a guitar. A guitar is primarily composed of three major sections. The first is the hollow body, the neck (upon which the fret are located), and the head (which houses the tuning pegs).
The most important part of the guitar is the soundboard which is located on the front of the body. The soundboard houses the sound hole which is usually circular in most guitars.
The bridge is the piece where the six strings are fixed. A piece of plastic, called saddle is also usually present on the bridge. The saddle contains six notches where each of the string is separately attached and directed towards the tuning pegs on the guitar.
A guitar also has a waist-like body, called indentation. The curvature simple shows how to hold the guitar on the knee while sitting. The waist is wider on both sides, and this widening is called the bouts. The lower part of the bout is connected to the bridge while the upper part is connected to the neck.
The sound or tone coming out of the guitar will vary depending on the size of the guitar (size of bout, waist, etc.). This is why no two guitars have the same tone.
The neck part has a face where you will see the frets. The combination of the frets makes up the fingerboard. A fret is a piece of metal embedded into the fingerboard at specific intervals.
At the apex sits the head of the guitar. It is the other end where the strings coming from the saddle is eventually strung into the turning heads. These turning heads can now be used to control the string sound.
Why Do Guitars Have Strings and Frets
Ever wondered how a guitar produces its sound? Well, the major reason why a guitar produces a sound is due to the vibration of the strings. As you finger the strings, it causes tension and vibration which produces a distinct sound. The tension is caused in different ways.
The tension you caused on the string produces a sound frequency based on the length of the string (determined by where you place your finger). The amount of tension on the string, the string weight and the string length all determine the type of sound your guitar produces.
Once you understand the basis upon which a guitar works, you will better understand how to make the guitar sound the way you want. More so, this knowledge will enable you to play the instrument from the point of intelligence rather than a point of ignorance. You will also be able to make corrections to the sound if it isn’t giving you the sound you need.